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1. Cancertame Ayurvedic Formulation
2. What is Chemotherapy?
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4. Role of Ayurveda in Cancer Treatment
5. Genesis of Cancer
6. Early Detection of Cancer
7. Diet, Nutrition & Cancer
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16. Chronic Myelogenous Leukaemia (CML)
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18. Acute Myelogenous Leukaemia (AML)
19. Lymphoma
20. Multiple Myeloma
21. Breast Cancer
22. Prostate Cancer
23. Oral Cancer (Carcinoma of the Cheek, Lips & Tongue)
24. Carcinoma of the Salivary Gland
25. Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus
26. Carcinoma of Pharynx (Oropharynx, Nasopharynx and Hypopharynx)
27. Carcinoma of the Larynx
28. Brain & Spinal Cord Tumours
29. Primary Tumours of the Brain
30. Metastases in the Brain
31. Carcinoma of the Oesophagus
32. Thyroid Cancer
33. Bronchogenic Carcinoma (Lung Cancer)
34. Secondary Cancers of the Lung
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36. Liver Cancer
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40. Urinary Tract (Transitional Cell Carcinoma) & Bladder Cancer
41. Carcinoma of Colon & Rectum
42. Primary Tumours of the Testis
43. Ovarian Cancer (Stromal, Germ Cell and Krukenberg's Tumour)
44. Carcinoma of Uterus
45. Cervix Cancer
46. Paediatric Cancers
47. AIDS Related Cancers
48. Carcinoma of Unknown Primary Site (CUPS)
49. Role of Nutrition in Cancer Treatment
50. Chinese Medicine in Cancer Treatment
Carcinoma of the Larynx


Carcinoma of the larynx (the voice box) is a squamous cell carcinoma. It usually affects during 50 to 70 years of age. In India, the incidence of the laryngeal carcinoma is sevenfold higher in men as compared to women. Carcinoma of the larynx can arise from three major sites, i.e. the glottis, the supraglottis and the subglottis. Carcinoma of the glottis, arising from the true vocal cords, is the most common type of the laryngeal carcinoma. Carcinoma of the supraglottis arises from the area between the epiglottis and the vocal cords, whereas carcinoma of the subglottis originates in the area below the vocal cords. Risk factors of the laryngeal carcinoma include chronic smoking and chronic alcoholism.


Carcinoma of the larynx usually presents with a lump in the throat, hoarseness of the voice, haemoptysis and weight loss. There may be referred pain in the ear due to local invasion. Stridor may occur in the supraglottic carcinoma. In advanced stages of the laryngeal carcinoma, there may be aphasia (due to immobility of the vocal cords), dysphagia (due to pharyngeal involvement) and dyspnoea (due to enlarged paratracheal lymph nodes).


Staging of laryngeal carcinoma is done as follows:


  • In stage I of the laryngeal carcinoma, there is normal mobility of the vocal cords because the tumour is localised.
  • In stage II, the laryngeal carcinoma affects movements of the vocal cords.
  • In stage III, the laryngeal carcinoma involves lymph nodes on the same side of the neck.
  • In stage IV, the laryngeal carcinoma invades the adjacent tissues with or without involving the lymph node; or the tumour metastasises to distant parts of the body.
  • Recurrent laryngeal carcinoma is the one that reappears after an apparent recovery in response to the initial treatment.


Procedures used in the diagnosis and evaluation of the laryngeal carcinoma include X-rays, CT scan, laryngoscopy and biopsy.

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