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1. Cancertame Ayurvedic Formulation
2. What is Chemotherapy?
3. What is Radiotherapy?
4. Role of Ayurveda in Cancer Treatment
5. Genesis of Cancer
6. Early Detection of Cancer
7. Diet, Nutrition & Cancer
8. Tobacco Smoking & Cancer
9. Conventional Treatment of Cancer
10. Soft Tissue Sarcoma
11. Mesothelioma
12. Skin Cancer
13. Bone Cancer
14. Leukaemia
15. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)
16. Chronic Myelogenous Leukaemia (CML)
17. Acute Lymphocytic Leukaemia (ALL) & Acute Non-Lymphocytic Leukaemias (ANLL)
18. Acute Myelogenous Leukaemia (AML)
19. Lymphoma
20. Multiple Myeloma
21. Breast Cancer
22. Prostate Cancer
23. Oral Cancer (Carcinoma of the Cheek, Lips & Tongue)
24. Carcinoma of the Salivary Gland
25. Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus
26. Carcinoma of Pharynx (Oropharynx, Nasopharynx and Hypopharynx)
27. Carcinoma of the Larynx
28. Brain & Spinal Cord Tumours
29. Primary Tumours of the Brain
30. Metastases in the Brain
31. Carcinoma of the Oesophagus
32. Thyroid Cancer
33. Bronchogenic Carcinoma (Lung Cancer)
34. Secondary Cancers of the Lung
35. Carcinoma of the Stomach
36. Liver Cancer
37. Gallbladder & Biliary Tract Cancer
38. Pancreatic Cancer
39. Kidney Cancer (Renal Cell Carcinoma and Nephroblastoma)
40. Urinary Tract (Transitional Cell Carcinoma) & Bladder Cancer
41. Carcinoma of Colon & Rectum
42. Primary Tumours of the Testis
43. Ovarian Cancer (Stromal, Germ Cell and Krukenberg's Tumour)
44. Carcinoma of Uterus
45. Cervix Cancer
46. Paediatric Cancers
47. AIDS Related Cancers
48. Carcinoma of Unknown Primary Site (CUPS)
49. Role of Nutrition in Cancer Treatment
50. Chinese Medicine in Cancer Treatment
Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus


Paranasal sinuses (maxillary sinus, sphenoidal sinus, ethmoidal sinus and frontal sinus) are small hollow spaces around the nose that are lined with the mucus secreting cells. Carcinoma of the paranasal sinus is a squamous cell carcinoma. It usually affects above 40 years of age. Carcinoma of the paranasal sinus is more common in men as compared to women. Exposure to dust is one of the major risk factors of carcinoma of the paranasal sinus.


Carcinoma of the paranasal sinus remains asymptomatic during early stages. Symptoms that usually appear in advanced stages of the disease include rhinitis, sinusitis, recurrent nasal bleeding, nasal obstruction, local pain, non-healing ulcer in the nose, proptosis and swelling over the maxillary antrum or inner canthus of the eye. Carcinoma of the paranasal sinus may invade the anterior and middle cranial fossae, orbit, cheek and the oral cavity. Invasion into the orbit may lead to diplopia and other visual disturbances. Inferior invasion of the tumour may lead to toothache, whereas posterior invasion of the tumour may cause headache and the cranial nerve palsy. Involvement of the infraorbital nerve may lead to malar hyperaesthesia.


Staging of the carcinoma of the paranasal sinus is done as follows:


  • In stage I of carcinoma of the paranasal sinus, the tumour is localised.
  • In stage II, the tumour causes erosion or destruction of the adjacent bones.
  • In stage III, the tumour invades adjacent tissues and the skin; or the tumour metastasises to a single group of lymph nodes on same side of the neck.
  • In stage IV, the tumour invades the base of skull; or the tumour metastasises to distant parts of the body.
  • Recurrent carcinoma of the paranasal sinus is the one that reappears after an apparent recovery in response to the initial treatment.


The diagnosis of carcinoma of the paranasal sinus is confirmed by biopsy. 

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