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1. Cancertame Ayurvedic Formulation
2. What is Chemotherapy?
3. What is Radiotherapy?
4. Role of Ayurveda in Cancer Treatment
5. Genesis of Cancer
6. Early Detection of Cancer
7. Diet, Nutrition & Cancer
8. Tobacco Smoking & Cancer
9. Conventional Treatment of Cancer
10. Soft Tissue Sarcoma
11. Mesothelioma
12. Skin Cancer
13. Bone Cancer
14. Leukaemia
15. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)
16. Chronic Myelogenous Leukaemia (CML)
17. Acute Lymphocytic Leukaemia (ALL) & Acute Non-Lymphocytic Leukaemias (ANLL)
18. Acute Myelogenous Leukaemia (AML)
19. Lymphoma
20. Multiple Myeloma
21. Breast Cancer
22. Prostate Cancer
23. Oral Cancer (Carcinoma of the Cheek, Lips & Tongue)
24. Carcinoma of the Salivary Gland
25. Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus
26. Carcinoma of Pharynx (Oropharynx, Nasopharynx and Hypopharynx)
27. Carcinoma of the Larynx
28. Brain & Spinal Cord Tumours
29. Primary Tumours of the Brain
30. Metastases in the Brain
31. Carcinoma of the Oesophagus
32. Thyroid Cancer
33. Bronchogenic Carcinoma (Lung Cancer)
34. Secondary Cancers of the Lung
35. Carcinoma of the Stomach
36. Liver Cancer
37. Gallbladder & Biliary Tract Cancer
38. Pancreatic Cancer
39. Kidney Cancer (Renal Cell Carcinoma and Nephroblastoma)
40. Urinary Tract (Transitional Cell Carcinoma) & Bladder Cancer
41. Carcinoma of Colon & Rectum
42. Primary Tumours of the Testis
43. Ovarian Cancer (Stromal, Germ Cell and Krukenberg's Tumour)
44. Carcinoma of Uterus
45. Cervix Cancer
46. Paediatric Cancers
47. AIDS Related Cancers
48. Carcinoma of Unknown Primary Site (CUPS)
49. Role of Nutrition in Cancer Treatment
50. Chinese Medicine in Cancer Treatment
Carcinoma of the Stomach


Carcinoma of the stomach is the second most common human cancer. It usually occurs during the fifth and sixth decades of life. Men are affected more as compared to women. Incidence of the stomach carcinoma is higher in Japan, China and Southern Europe. There is a constant rise in the incidence of stomach carcinoma, particularly the carcinoma involving proximal part of the stomach and the oesophagogastric junction. The most common type of stomach cancer is adenocarcinoma, which is further divided into the intestinal type and the diffuse type. Intestinal adenocarcinoma of the stomach has histopathological appearance similar to that of the intestinal carcinoma. Other types of stomach cancer include:

 

  • Adenoacanthoma
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Small cell carcinoma
  • Carcinoid tumour
  • Lymphoma
  • Leiomyosarcoma
  • Kaposi's sarcoma

 

Tobacco and alcohol are considered as the most common causes of stomach carcinoma. The risk factors include chronic gastritis, gastric polyp, pernicious anaemia, gastric infections, gastric dysplasia, previous stomach surgery and the hereditary factor. Incidence of the stomach carcinoma is higher in those persons, who have blood group A. Studies have revealed that excessive consumption of salt, complex carbohydrates and food preservatives may cause stomach cancer. It has also been observed that low intake of fresh green vegetables may cause stomach cancer.

Carcinoma of the stomach is usually asymptomatic during early stages. The symptoms, when appear, are similar to any other gastric including persistent epigastric pain, gastric distension, indigestion, dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, heartburn and early satiety.The patient usually gets symptomatic relief from over-the-counter remedies, further delaying the diagnosis. In advanced stages of the stomach carcinoma, there may be occult blood in the stool, iron deficiency anaemia and weight loss. There may be pyloric obstruction leading to postprandial vomiting. Obstruction in lower part of the oesophagus may lead to progressive dysphagia. The ulcerating lesions of the tumour may cause acute gastrointestinal bleeding leading to melaena and haematemesis. Carcinoma of the stomach usually metastasises to the left supraclavicular lymph nodes, umbilical nodule, peritoneum and the liver. The peritoneal spread may lead to malignant ascites. In females, the stomach carcinoma may metastasise to the ovaries. 


Staging of the stomach carcinoma is done as follows:

  • In stage 0 (carcinoma in situ) of the stomach carcinoma, the tumour is localised within the inner layers of the stomach wall.
  • In stage I, the tumour involves deeper layers of the stomach wall.
  • In stage II, the tumour spreads to the regional lymph nodes.
  • In stage III, the tumour invades the surrounding tissues and involves the regional lymph nodes.
  • In stage IV, the stomach carcinoma metastasises to distant lymph nodes and organs of the body.
  • Recurrent stomach carcinoma is the one that reappears after an apparent recovery in response to the initial treatment.


Procedures used in diagnosis of the stomach carcinoma include blood tests, stool examination, gastric fluid examination, barium meal study, CT scan, endoscopy (gastroscopy) and biopsy.

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