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1. Cancertame Ayurvedic Formulation
2. What is Chemotherapy?
3. What is Radiotherapy?
4. Role of Ayurveda in Cancer Treatment
5. Genesis of Cancer
6. Early Detection of Cancer
7. Diet, Nutrition & Cancer
8. Tobacco Smoking & Cancer
9. Conventional Treatment of Cancer
10. Soft Tissue Sarcoma
11. Mesothelioma
12. Skin Cancer
13. Bone Cancer
14. Leukaemia
15. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)
16. Chronic Myelogenous Leukaemia (CML)
17. Acute Lymphocytic Leukaemia (ALL) & Acute Non-Lymphocytic Leukaemias (ANLL)
18. Acute Myelogenous Leukaemia (AML)
19. Lymphoma
20. Multiple Myeloma
21. Breast Cancer
22. Prostate Cancer
23. Oral Cancer (Carcinoma of the Cheek, Lips & Tongue)
24. Carcinoma of the Salivary Gland
25. Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus
26. Carcinoma of Pharynx (Oropharynx, Nasopharynx and Hypopharynx)
27. Carcinoma of the Larynx
28. Brain & Spinal Cord Tumours
29. Primary Tumours of the Brain
30. Metastases in the Brain
31. Carcinoma of the Oesophagus
32. Thyroid Cancer
33. Bronchogenic Carcinoma (Lung Cancer)
34. Secondary Cancers of the Lung
35. Carcinoma of the Stomach
36. Liver Cancer
37. Gallbladder & Biliary Tract Cancer
38. Pancreatic Cancer
39. Kidney Cancer (Renal Cell Carcinoma and Nephroblastoma)
40. Urinary Tract (Transitional Cell Carcinoma) & Bladder Cancer
41. Carcinoma of Colon & Rectum
42. Primary Tumours of the Testis
43. Ovarian Cancer (Stromal, Germ Cell and Krukenberg's Tumour)
44. Carcinoma of Uterus
45. Cervix Cancer
46. Paediatric Cancers
47. AIDS Related Cancers
48. Carcinoma of Unknown Primary Site (CUPS)
49. Role of Nutrition in Cancer Treatment
50. Chinese Medicine in Cancer Treatment
Multiple Myeloma


Multiple myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells in the bone marrow. It usually occurs above 50 years of age. Multiple myeloma may remain asymptomatic for many years. The most common symptom of multiple myeloma is a pain in the ribs or the spine due to infiltration of the malignant plasma cells into the bone. The proliferation of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow forms multifocal lytic lesions throughout the skeletal system causing pathological fractures. Other symptoms include anaemia, lethargy, fatigue, leucopoenia, thrombocytopaenia, recurrent infections, generalised lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly and splenomegaly. There may be bleeding tendencies such as epistaxis, haemoptysis and haematemesis. Production of para-proteins (Bence Jones protein) may lead to hyperviscosity syndrome and renal impairment. Hypercalcaemia may lead to clouded consciousness, headache and blurred vision. Sometimes, the malignant myeloma presents as a solitary tumour known as 'plasmacytoma' in the bone or soft tissue. Plasmacytoma in the spine may cause compression of the spinal cord leading to certain neurological disorders.


Staging of multiple myeloma is done as follows:


  • In stage I, there is a relatively smaller number of malignant plasma cells in the body; or there is a single tumour (plasmacytoma).
  • In stage II, there are a moderate number of malignant plasma cells in the body.
  • In stage III, a large number of malignant plasma cells are present in the body, or there are more than three bony lesions, or there is a raised level of M protein in the blood/urine.


Procedures used in the diagnosis of the multiple myeloma include X-rays, MRI, blood tests, urine tests and the bone marrow cytology. Infiltration of the bone marrow with malignant plasma cells, monoclonal immunoglobulin in the blood/urine and the osteolytic lesions confirm the diagnosis of the multiple myeloma.

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